Mr. Bona was arrested and detained at Jinja Road Police station for two days. He was later transferred to Luzira Prison and after a week he was presented before court. After a month, his brother came to me complaining about the justice system in Uganda. He said that it is only the rich people who can enjoy freedom in Uganda. I asked him whether Mr. Bona had applied for police bond or bail. He replied in the negative saying that those things are alien to the “common Ugandan”. Well after a ten minutes talk with Mr. Bona’s brother, he confessed that not knowing this information about rights of an accused person have cost him a lot. So, here is a thing or two you may want to know about Police bond and bail.

  • Police bond is the temporary release of an arrested person from police custody.
  • Police bond is the guarantee that an arrested person will turn up whenever required to by the police while the police completes its investigations.
  •  No money should be paid for police bond. Police Bond is free.
  • Police bond is usually given to people who have been arrested for minor offences.
  • Bail is the temporary release of an accused person by court before completion of the case on the understanding that the person will turn up for his or her trial when required.
  • Everyone has the right to apply for bail.
  • This is based on the presumption of innocence, a person who is accused of committing an offence should not be kept in prison when it has not yet been proved that the accused person actually committed the offence.
  • A magistrate has a duty of informing an accused person of his right to apply for bail.
  • An accused person may to apply to the magistrate to grant him or her bail.
  • The accused person has to meet certain terms and conditions before he is granted bail.
  • The magistrate has the power to decide whether to grant the accused person bail or not.
  • In most cases the accused is asked by court to deposit some security such as money or property for example a land title.
  • The accused person should present substantial sureties who will make sure that you abide with the bail terms.
  • A surety is a person who binds or guarantees himself or herself to satisfy the obligation of another if he or she fails to do so.
  • Well as bail should be free, there are a few instances where the applicant is asked to deposit some money in court for secure his freedom.